Thailand Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms
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Selecting a Lawyer: An overview of Thailand Attorney & Law Firms.
There are many different law firms and other businesses offering legal services in Thailand. It is useful to understand the types of law firms and legal service providers in order to locate the best choice for accomplishing your goals and minimizing potential risks from pursuing legal action in Thailand. The following is a general breakdown of the types of organizations that offer legal assistance in Thailand so that you can find an attorney who can best address your specific needs.
I. International Law Firms
There are a number of law firms in Thailand that are either directly or indirectly affiliated with large overseas multinational law firms. Attorneys at these law firms generally assist large multinational corporations that have extensive overseas legal issues, or provide assistance on transnational cases involving one of their other overseas branches. Generally, these firms are focused on large corporate clients rather than private individual clients. Attorneys at these firms normally practice commercial, corporate, intellectual property, securities and trade law. It is uncommon for their attorneys to accept smaller clients for domestic law issues or smaller corporate legal problems.
II. Thai Law Firms with Foreign Partners or Managers
Some Thai law firms have a foreign partner or associate who acts as a liaison between foreign clients and the local attorneys. These firms can be helpful if you feel more comfortable communicating in English. In addition, these firms often specialize in issues relevant to foreigners in Thailand. However, the foreign liaisons may or may not be attorneys in their home jurisdictions, and may or may not be working directly on or supervising your case.
A smaller number of the law firms in Thailand are foreign-managed Thai law firms. These firms may be run by foreign attorneys. In some instances, these managers are certified attorneys in their home countries. Some can speak Thai fluently and have had years of experience handling cases for foreigners in Thailand. As there are different laws affecting Thais and foreigners, if your case is of an international nature, it may be best to seek legal advice from an attorney knowledgeable in both Thai and foreign laws.
However, you should be aware that quality varies greatly in this category of law firms, including the level of expertise of the Thai lawyers employed by the law firm and the legal qualifications of the foreign managers/attorneys. Its best to get legal advice from legal professionals who have experience dealing with the issues that you are addressing. Foreign attorneys, who can speak fluent Thai, directing Thai attorneys may be your best option if you are a foreigner or foreign business operating in Thailand, as they will provide the greatest assurance in terms of legally accurate information.
III. Domestic Law Firms
Local Thai law firms are experienced in local litigation and are generally effective in handling cases within the Thai judicial system. A majority of law firms in Thailand are local law firms assisting local Thai citizens and businesses. Consequently, most of these firms do not cater to or solicit business from foreigners in Thailand. They often do not have fluent English speaking attorneys or assistants. Although their attorneys may be quite competent in Thai legal matters involving Thai persons, they may be unfamiliar with the issues that are relevant to foreigners living, working, or doing business in Thailand. Although these firms may have capable trial lawyers, foreigners who need assistance with pursuing litigation through the Thai courts may have difficulty as a result of the language barrier and the inability to receive explanations in their native language.
V. "Legal Services" Providers or "Pseudo Law Firms"
Outside the range of traditional law firms, there are certain less expensive alternatives often referred to as “legal service providers” or “pseudo law firms”. These organizations do not generally qualify as “law firms” in the traditional sense and are typically operated by non-lawyers who may be foreigners or Thais. Engaging the services of these organizations may be useful under certain circumstances. In cases that require very basic assistance such as filling out forms that do not require legal expertise, these firms may be less expensive initially. These businesses may or may not have Thai licensed lawyers on their staff or state that they work in collaboration with Thai licensed lawyers. Even if these firms do have lawyers on their staff, the work may be supervised by a person who is not an attorney.
Certain consumers readily seek out these organizations because such organizations may be willing to take risks that traditional law firms may not be willing to take. For instance, some of these organizations routinely use and openly advertise the provision of Thai national nominee shareholders (“strawmen”) to set up a company despite the fact that such practice may be an offence under Thai law. If there are any unforeseen legal issues, it may be more difficult to resolve these issues if the assistance you received was not provided within the confines of the law.
Typically, pseudo law firms can be distinguished from traditional law firms by the fact that the manager or the point-of-contact is a non-lawyer. In addition, these organizations’ may operate other businesses in addition to providing legal services such as mail order brides services, business brokerage, virtual office leasing, or website design to name a few.
V. Questions to Ask When Ascertaining the Suitability of a Law Firm:
1) Is the person who will be your primary point-of-contact fluent in both English and Thai?
2) Is the person who you will be contacting a licensed lawyer, either in Thailand or in their home country?
3) Is the law firm a registered company? Does the name "Co. Ltd."?
4) Does the law firm employ Thai licensed lawyers? If so, are they experienced? Do they have any secondary qualifications such as a Barrister certificate?
5) Does the law firm or organization have legal counsel as their primary business, or do they engage in other business dealings that are unrelated to law?
6) How long has the company been established? (As a rule of thumb, a law firm with at least three years of operation is more likely to stay in the business than one of a shorter establishment)
7) Do the lawyers in the firm have scholarly articles published in professional publications?

Foreign Managed
Thai Law Firms

Thailand attorneys managed by American Lawyer Giving legal assistance in Thailand such as prenuptial agreements and divorce.
Law firm with foreign and Thai attorneys assists with legal issues in Thailand including real estate purchase and land lease.
Attorneys who specialize in US visas such as K1 and K3 visa for Thai Fianc? or Thai wife and assistance at US embassy in Thailand
International Law Firms
Research Services

Chaninat Translation


Domestic Law Firms
Intellectual Property and Trademark Specialist